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Inconel 718
Material

UNS N07718, Alloy 718, W.Nr. 2.4668, Inconel® 718
Note that the designation “ Inconel®” is registered trademarks of the Special Metals Corporation group of companies. 

Overview

UNS N07718 is a high-strength and corrosion-resistant age-hardenable alloy, the age hardening is achieved by specific additions of niobium, titanium and aluminum. The alloy suitable for temperatures from -423° to 1300°F. Its welding characteristics, especially its resistance to post weld cracking, are outstanding. In addition, Inconel 718 can be fabricated with ease and economy, combined with good tensile, fatigue, creep, and rupture strength, have resulted in its use in a wide range of applications.

Application
  • Aerospace and Aviation: Gas turbine engines, combustion chambers, turbine discs, rocket motors, and other critical components.
  • Gas and Oil Industry: Valves, wellbore tools, and completion equipment.
  • Power Generation: Gas turbines, steam turbines, heat exchangers, and nuclear reactor components
  • Chemical Processing: Reactors, distillation columns, and piping systems.
  • Automotive: Exhaust systems, turbochargers, and other components that are exposed to extreme temperatures and corrosive gases.
  • Medical and Surgical: Medical and surgical equipment, including implants, prosthetics, and instruments.
  • Nuclear Industry: Reactor cores, control rod components, and nuclear fuel handling systems.
  • Tooling and Industrial Applications: Die-casting molds, extrusion dies, and forging dies.
Chemical Composition (%)
Material Ni Cr Fe Nb Mo Ti Al Co
N07718 50.0-55.0 17.0-21.0 Balance 4.75-5.00 2.80-3.30 0.65-1.15 0.20-0.80 1.00 max
Mechanical Property
Material Tensile strength Yield strength 0,2 Elongation Hardness HB30
N07718 965 N/mm² 550 N/mm² 30% 363HB
Corrosion Resistance

Inconel 718 has excellent corrosion resistance to many media, making it highly suitable for applications where corrosion resistance is critical.The high nickel contents of the alloy contributes to corrosion resistance in many inorganic and organic, and combating chloride-ion stress-corrosion cracking. In addition, chromium imparts an ability to withstand attack by oxidizing media and sulfur compounds, molybdenum is contribute to resistance to pitting in many media. Please note that the specific corrosion resistance of Alloy 718 can vary depending on the concentration and temperature of the corrosive media, as well as other environmental factors.  

Heat Treatment

There are two main heat treatment methods commonly used for Inconel 718. The first one is solution anneal at 1700-1850°F followed by rapid cooling, usually in water, plus precipitation hardening at 1325°F for 8 hours, furnace cool to 1150°F, hold at 1150°F for a total aging time of 18 hours, followed by air cooling. The second is Solution anneal at 1900-1950°F followed by rapid cooling, usually in water, plus precipitation hardening at 1400°F for 10 hours, furnace cool to 1200°F, hold at 1200°F for a total aging time of 20 hours, followed by air cooling. If the material is to be machined, formed, or welded, it typically is purchased in the mill annealed or stress relieved condition. The material is then fabricated in its most malleable condition. After fabrication, it can be heat treated as required per the applicable specification.

Heating and Pickling

When heating Inconel 718, it is crucial to ensure that both the furnace and the material being heated at correct temperatures, and fuels used for heating must be extremely low in sulfur. In addition, The alloy must be absolutely clean and free from all oil, paint, grease, and shop soil when charged into the furnace. To prevent air infiltration, a slight positive pressure should be maintained in the furnace. Please note that a thin, adherent green-black film of oxide will be left on the surface of the material when Alloy 718 is heated in a reducing atmosphere. When Alloy 718 is heated in a oxidizing atmospheres, a heavy black scale is produced that is very difficult to remove. Every precaution should be taken in heating so that only the green-black film is formed. 

Hot and Cold Forming

Inconel 718 is more resistant than most materials to deformation during hot forming due to its strength. If hot forming of this alloy is required, powerful equipment is necessary. Hot forming is performed in the 1650°-2050°F temperature range. In the last operation, the metal should be worked uniformly with a gradually decreasing temperature, finishing with some light reduction in the 1650°-1750°F range. This procedure is necessary to ensure notch ductility in stress-rupture applications when material has been annealed and aged.

 

Inconel 718 can be cold-formed by standard procedures used for steel and stainless steel. 

Machining

Inconel 718 can be readily machined, but its high strength and work-hardening characteristics must be considered in the selection and use of proper tool materials and design, operating speeds, and coolants. 

Welding

Welding Inconel 718 requires specific considerations and techniques due to its unique metallurgical properties. For the selection of welding consumables, it is recommended to use AWS A5.14 ERNiFeCr-2, ERNiFeCr-1 and other nickel-based filler metals specially designed for Inconel 718. These filler metals can offer excellent compatibility and mechanical properties when used with Alloy 718.

Product Forms
  • Bar & Rod
  • Plate & Sheet
  • Coil & Strip
  • Pipe & Tube
  • Fitting: Flange, Tee, Elbow, Reducer etc.
  • Forging: Ring, Shaft, Circle, Block etc.
Note

Ronsco is a supplier with more than 27 years of experience in the special metal field, we always adheres to the business phiosophy of "customer-centered", tries its best to meet the requirements of customers and pursues win-win cooperation with customers. Are you looking for special metal products one-stop supplier! Contact Us Now! Email: info@ronsteel.com

 

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